Do background books written by white folks tell the facts about Natives? We believe not. Here are simply some of the lies that they tell.
Columbus NEVER landed in the Upper 48 Ever
Each year across the country’s countless elementary school pupils recite: “In 1492, Columbus sailed the ocean blue” and many play a play about him detecting Indians in America. The thing is Columbus never landed in what would become the United States, he really landed in the Caribbean.
Fundamentally Everything About Pocahontas
Pocahontas was about 8 years old when John Smith came, and was later married to another young Indian warrior. She had a kid that was given off before she married John Rolfe. Sorry Disney, and many wrongly written textbooks, Pocahontas never fell in love with John Smith.
According to tribal oral histories as well as The True Story of Pocahontas by members of the Mattaponi Tribe, Pocahontas’ original young Native husband was killed and Pocahontas’ mommy was awarded to relatives before she had been forced into captivity at about 15 or 16 years of age.
The Very First Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving was named after an entire tribe massacre not a peaceful meal involving pilgrims and Indians. In 1621, Wampanoag Indians investigated gun and cannon fire at a Pilgrim settlement to see them celebrating a successful harvest. The Indians all male warriors, were fed as a gesture of peace.
The action was not replicated annually. In 1636, when a murdered man was found in a boat in Plymouth, English Major John Mason gathered his troops murdered and burned down the wigwams of of the neighboring Pequot Indians who were blamed for the murder.
The following day, Plymouth Governor William Bradford applauded the massacre of the 400 Indians, such as the women and children. The Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, William Newell, proclaimed: “From that day forth, shall be a day of celebration and thanks giving for subduing the Pequots.” For another 100 decades, each Thanksgiving Day ordained by a governor had been in honour of the damn victory, thanking God that the battle had been won.
What’s a Redskin?
“It was only five generations ago that a white man could get money for one of my grandfather’s scalps,” composed 1491’s comic Dallas Goldtooth on Facebook. “At this time… it was ‘Redskin’ that was used to describe us.” In his article, Goldtooth also included a newspaper clipping from after the U.S. Dakota Wars of 1862: “The state reward for dead Indians has been increased to $200 for every red-skin sent to Purgatory.”
Lincoln Ordered a Mass Execution
From the autumn of 1862, Native tribes in Minnesota waged war on white settlers out of frustration from starvation, mistreatment and unpleasant conditions. After soldiers caught over 300 Indians, President Abraham Lincoln declared the largest mass execution in U.S. background on 38 Dakota men. On the afternoon of the hanging, an estimated 4,000 spectators watched them suspended. Their bodies were afterwards used and taken as medical cadavers.
Hitler Studied Reservations
There are many accounts of the Nazis and Hitler studying Indian bookings for advice in planning encampments for the Jewish. Maybe Lia Mandelbaum says it best in her post found at the Jewish Journal entitled “Hitler’s Inspiration and Guide: The Native American Holocaust.”
From 1863 to 1868, the U.S. military persecuted and imprisoned 9,500 Navajo (that the Diné) and 500 Mescalero Apache (the N’de). Living under armed guards, in holes in the floor, with exceptionally rare rations, it is no wonder that over 3,500 Navajo and Mescalero Apache men, women, and kids died while in the concentration camp.
Throughout the film I learned about something that disturbs me to my core that I had not heard before. I learned that the genocidal mindset and actions of this U.S. policy makers would find similar saying years after when the Nazis, under Hitler, analyzed the plans of Bosque Redondo to style the concentration camps for Jews.
There Are 567 Federally Recognized Tribes in the U.S.
When I was a student in high school, I learned that George Washington watched Indians in Virginia and maybe heard once or two about the Cherokee Trail of Tears. But in 18 years of public college (and a few of personal Catholic School) not once did I learn about the great number of tribes, languages or cultures involved in this nation. NOT ONCE.
She’s African American and Native American (Rappahannock). As a result of her ancestry, she’s done a lot of thinking about the connections and interactions of blacks, Indians and whites on the East Coast, mostly in Virginia. According to Coleman, who turned her Ph.D. dissertation into a book titled That the Blood Stay Pure, there was Indian captivity in Virginia.
Coleman also writes about Walter Plecker, a man who once functioned as the initial registrar of Virginia’s Bureau of Vital Records. A guy who literally changed races at Virginia’s birth documents. His actions are coined as “pencil genocide.”
Similarly, William Loren Katz, the author of Dark Indians has written how whole cities of blacks and Indians came together as a strong force against European settlers including huge factions of black Seminoles who created almost impenetrable forces against those soldiers foolish enough to attempt to break into Florida, and endured miserable defeats over many years.